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Melanesia

Melanesia

The Philippines

Wallacea

Sundaland

Madagascar and Western Indian Ocean Islands

South of the Equator, off the coast of East Africa, lie Madagascar, the Comoros, the Seychelles, the Mascarenes, and the Scattered Islands that constitute the Madagascar and Indian Ocean Islands Biodiversity Hotspot. They constitute an emerged area of 600,461 square kilometers, of which 99% are accounted for by Madagascar alone. Madagascar is the world’s fourth...

What is an Island?