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Philippine Eagle / Istockphoto

March 15, 2019. Life / Islands

The Philippines

Nicholas D. Holmes, Olivier Langrand, Russell A. Mittermeier, Anthony B. Rylands, Thomas Brooks, Dena R. Spatz, James C. Russell, Wes Sechrest, Federico Mendez Sanchez

The Philippine archipelago is on the eastern margin of Asia. Wholly tropical, it consists of 7,641 islands totalling 343,448 km2. Luzon (109,965 km2) and Mindanao (97,530 km2) are the largest.

The islands have a volcanic origin (land masses rose out of the sea 0.5–20 million years ago) and today at least 21 volcanoes are still active.

The Philippines hold some endemic species of which the best-known are the Philippine Eagle, the Philippine Cockatoo and the Philippine Crocodile.


This is an excerpt from the CEMEX Nature Series Book “Islands” (2018)

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