July 22, 2019. Life / Islands
Nicholas D. Holmes, Olivier Langrand, Russell A. Mittermeier, Anthony B. Rylands, Thomas Brooks, Dena R. Spatz, James C. Russell, Wes Sechrest, Federico Mendez Sanchez
The Southern Ocean encircles the landmass of Antarctica, and connects the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans. Scattered among the Southern Ocean are a series of remote and remarkable islands and archipelagos. Many are uninhabited or host only research stations, with few having permanent human communities (Tristan da Cunha, the Falklands / Islas Malvinas, and the Chathams). These islands are typically volcanic and relatively young geologically, with many having mountainous landscapes.
The Southern Ocean Islands are home to some of the most highly adapted and fascinating wildlife on the planet, including charismatic species, such as the parakeets of the New Zealand Subantarctic, several albatross species, and vast colonies of seals and penguins, and provide important habitat for substantial populations of these animals during summer months.
This is an excerpt from the CEMEX Nature Series Book “Islands” (2018)