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Tasmanian Devil / Istockphoto

April 25, 2019. Life / Islands

New Zealand and Australian Islands

Nicholas D. Holmes, Olivier Langrand, Russell A. Mittermeier, Anthony B. Rylands, Thomas Brooks, Dena R. Spatz, James C. Russell, Wes Sechrest, Federico Mendez Sanchez

In the southwestern extremity of Polynesia lies a region often referred to as Oceania, including New Zealand, and the islands of Eastern Australia.

More than 600 islands are bound to New Zealand. To the south is Stewart Island. At the northern extremity lies Kermadec Island. To the east is Chatham Archipelago, formed by ten islands.  🌏

Thousands of continental islands dot the coastline of Australia. Major islands along this coast include Fraser and Stradbroke islands. Almost 1,000 islands are associated with the Great Barrier Reef, which stretches 2,300 kilometers parallel to the Australian coast. Tasmania is the largest Australian island. It was connected to the mainland during the last glacial period, 15 thousand years ago.  🌏

Far to the east of Australia lie the oceanic islands of Lord Howe and Norfolk. Twenty kilometers southeast of Lord Howe Island is Ball’s Pyramid, the tallest rock stack in the world, rising to 550 meters and home to the only remaining wild population of the Critically Endangered Lord Howe Island Stick-insect.

 

This is an excerpt from the CEMEX Nature Series Book “Islands” (2018)

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