March 31, 2016. Water / Oceans
Flagship species are iconic representatives of their ecosystems and charismatic creatures that capture human attention
Cristina G. Mittermeier, Gregory S. Stone, Russell A. Mittermeier, Octavio Aburto-Oropeza, Claudio Campagna, Kent E. Carpenter, Laurence P. Madin, David Obura, Enric Sala, Sebastian Troëng, Peter A. Seligman & Stefan Gutermuth
Tuna and Billfish
Tuna is known as a free-swimming ocean predator that can weigh in at over 454 kilograms and race across the ocean at speeds of up to 80 kilometers per hour.
Like tuna, billfish are predators of the open ocean; although they tend to concentrate in certain areas, they do not school. Along with ten other species, marlins are the holy grail of a burgeoning and multibillion-dollar sport fishing industry around the world, mainly based on the catch-and-release model.
The swordfish, known as the “gladiator of the sea” for its long, wide, lance-like bill, inhabits depths to nearly one thousand meters within tropical and temperate waters around the world.
Sailfish are distributed globally across tropical and temperate seas. These athletic fish win the gold medal of ocean sprinting, and can reach astounding speeds of one hundred kilometers per hour. That speed allows these three-meter long fish to propel themselves out of the water in spectacular leaps.
This is an excerpt from the CEMEX Conservation Series Book Oceans: Heart of Our Blue Planet (2011)