June 1, 2017. Life / The IUCN Red List
Jane Smart, Craig Hilton Taylor, Russell A. Mittermeier
The bush dog is listed as “Near Threatened” on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™. It is a small, rarely seen canid, with a broad distribution in both Central and South America. Despite this immense range across a variety of habitat types, this is a poorly understood species due to its overall rarity and elusive nature. It differs notably from other canids by its similar aspect to a mustelid, characterized by having rounded ears, interdigital membranes and short tail.
Unlike other canids, the bush dog is a social animal living in groups of varying size. It is a specialized carnivore able to hunt both small and large prey (from rats to deer). Bush dogs continue to be threatened by habitat destruction and diseases and parasites introduced through contact with feral and hunting dogs.
Public education campaigns and additional field data are essential for the long-term survival of the bush dog. Understanding how the ecological requirements of this species shift across habitats is important for developing regional conservation plans.
This text is inspired by the IUCN RED LIST