Black Bear / El Carmen Nature Reserve
May 16, 2019.
The black bear, also known as American black bear, is the most common bear in North America.
In the middle of last century, black bears population in Mexico, especially that of Sierra del Carmen, was on the brink of extinction. Currently, the species is under permanent protection and has a population density of 1 specimen per square kilometer.
The black bear does not hibernate in the strict sense, but spends winter in a state of drowsiness, living off the reserves of fat accumulated during the fall. Its fur varies according to the region, from black to brown, gray and reddish. It is omnivorous, although its diet is mostly vegetable. It is also a good swimmer and easily climbs trees.
The black bears of Sierra del Carmen have dispersed and recolonized their historic habitat in western Texas and northern Mexico.
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