Pronghorn / El Carmen Nature Reserve
April 21, 2016.
Among other attributes, this mammal is a key part at El Carmen Nature Reserve
Five features about pronhorn:
1.- It is the fastest land mammal in the Americas.
2.- It has a fundamental role in biological food chains at the border area between Mexico and the United States of America, as it is prey for coyotes and pumas, and also scatters the seeds of the plants they eat.
3.- It can run at 85 kilometers per hour.
4.- It is also known as “berrendo de la frontera” in spanish. Its horns can measure more than 30 centimeters, both male and female specimens have them.
In the late 1950’s, this species had already disappeared from the State of Coahuila, Mexico, primarily due to loss of habitat, livestock overgrazing and poaching.
One of the priorities of El Carmen Nature Reserve has been the restoration of large mammal species, reason why since 2001 the lands of El Carmen began a resting process with the removal of domestic livestock. With this action, many grassland acres responded, but in places where overgrazing was more intense, the application of mechanical treatments has been required to recover the habitat of this splendid animal.
In 2009 and 2010, in cooperation with mexican SEMARNAT and New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, one hundred pronghorns were captured in New Mexico and later released at the restored grasslands of El Carmen Nature Reserve for their conservation.
Today, more than 150 pronghorns are back into their historical home range in northern Coahuila, Mexico.
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